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USDA Texas Hay                                     07/10 08:51
Amarillo, TX       Fri July 10, 2020    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report:  Hay trades are mostly steady in all regions.  
Demand is steady but has leveled off in between cuttings.  There are 
reports of a lot of hay trucks on the road moving hay from out of state, 
and across the state into the more drought-stricken areas.  According to 
the Texas Crop and Weather report, the state is averaging 3 degrees above 
normal temperatures.  Above normal temperatures coupled with spotty rains 
are taking their toll on soil moisture levels.  Nielson-Gammon of the 
Texas Center for Climate Studies says, West Texas has received little 
rain because very few squall lines have developed.  The Panhandle 
received a few spotty thunderstorms over the weekend, but not enough 
upgrade a drought category.  A high-pressure system is sitting over South 
Texas.  Producers are concerned that recent gains in drought conditions 
maybe in jeopardy if the system is in place and continues blocking 
precipitation.  However, producers are using the dry weather to spray 
fields for armyworms.  Hay production in North and Central Texas received 
a nice boost in the form of 2 to 5 inches of rain.

NOTICE:  As Market News transitions reports to the MARS platform and My 
Market News, report formats will be converted from a text version to a 
more user-friendly and accessible PDF format. In the next few weeks, this 
report will move to the new platform and will be accessible at: If you would like to 
learn more about MARS and My Market News, please contact us at
   The Texas Department of Agriculture has a Hay and Grazing online 
Hotline setup for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; The 
online service is free to use and can be found at:

Panhandle/High Plains:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Supreme: 220.00-240.00; Premium: 
200.00-220.00; Good: 150.00-180.00.              
Small bales: Delivered: Premium: 260.00-275.00, 8.00-10.00 per 
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 185.00-195.00. 
                                            Calf 185.00-200.00. 
      Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: 110.00-125.00.
      Brome: Large Bales: Delivered: 185.00.
      Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: 145.00-160.00.
Sorghum: Large Bales: Delivered: Good: 115.00-125.00.
      Cotton Burrs: Delivered: limited 95.00-110.00. 
      Small Bales: Coastal: Delivered: Good: 9.00-10.00 per bale.
      Small Bales: Beardless Wheat: Premium: 10.00-11.00 per bale.
      CRP: Delivered: 80.00-125.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme:
     275.00-300.00, 9.00-10.00 per bale.
      Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme: 220.00-230.00, few trades 
      Triticale: Large Rounds: FOB: 65.00 per roll.
      Wheat: Large Bales: FOB: 125.00, 75.00 per roll.

North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 225.00-
230.00, instances 250.00.
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Premium: 260.00-330.00, 8.00-
10.00 per bale; Good: 200.00-260.00, 6.00-10.00 per bale.
      Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium: 120.00-140.00, 60.00-70.00 per 
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium: 260.00-
330.00, 8.00-10.00 per bale; Fair to Good: 165.00-260.00, 5.00-8.00 per 
 Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium: 140.00-
180.00, 80.00-95.00 per roll; Fair or Grass Mix: 100.00-130.00, 
50.00-70.00 per roll.
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Tess Liles, Market Reporter 806-356-5759      
0900c     tml

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