USDA Texas Hay 07/10 08:51
Amarillo, TX Fri July 10, 2020 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last report: Hay trades are mostly steady in all regions.
Demand is steady but has leveled off in between cuttings. There are
reports of a lot of hay trucks on the road moving hay from out of state,
and across the state into the more drought-stricken areas. According to
the Texas Crop and Weather report, the state is averaging 3 degrees above
normal temperatures. Above normal temperatures coupled with spotty rains
are taking their toll on soil moisture levels. Nielson-Gammon of the
Texas Center for Climate Studies says, West Texas has received little
rain because very few squall lines have developed. The Panhandle
received a few spotty thunderstorms over the weekend, but not enough
upgrade a drought category. A high-pressure system is sitting over South
Texas. Producers are concerned that recent gains in drought conditions
maybe in jeopardy if the system is in place and continues blocking
precipitation. However, producers are using the dry weather to spray
fields for armyworms. Hay production in North and Central Texas received
a nice boost in the form of 2 to 5 inches of rain.
NOTICE: As Market News transitions reports to the MARS platform and My
Market News, report formats will be converted from a text version to a
more user-friendly and accessible PDF format. In the next few weeks, this
report will move to the new platform and will be accessible at:
https://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/AMS_2707.pdf If you would like to
learn more about MARS and My Market News, please contact us at
The Texas Department of Agriculture has a Hay and Grazing online
Hotline setup for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; The
online service is free to use and can be found at:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Supreme: 220.00-240.00; Premium:
200.00-220.00; Good: 150.00-180.00.
Small bales: Delivered: Premium: 260.00-275.00, 8.00-10.00 per
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 185.00-195.00.
Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: 110.00-125.00.
Brome: Large Bales: Delivered: 185.00.
Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: 145.00-160.00.
Sorghum: Large Bales: Delivered: Good: 115.00-125.00.
Cotton Burrs: Delivered: limited 95.00-110.00.
Small Bales: Coastal: Delivered: Good: 9.00-10.00 per bale.
Small Bales: Beardless Wheat: Premium: 10.00-11.00 per bale.
CRP: Delivered: 80.00-125.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme:
275.00-300.00, 9.00-10.00 per bale.
Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme: 220.00-230.00, few trades
Triticale: Large Rounds: FOB: 65.00 per roll.
Wheat: Large Bales: FOB: 125.00, 75.00 per roll.
North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 225.00-
230.00, instances 250.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Premium: 260.00-330.00, 8.00-
10.00 per bale; Good: 200.00-260.00, 6.00-10.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium: 120.00-140.00, 60.00-70.00 per
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium: 260.00-
330.00, 8.00-10.00 per bale; Fair to Good: 165.00-260.00, 5.00-8.00 per
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium: 140.00-
180.00, 80.00-95.00 per roll; Fair or Grass Mix: 100.00-130.00,
50.00-70.00 per roll.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is
excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high
nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of
damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay
may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed
content or mold. Defects will be identified in market reports when using
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
Tess Liles, Market Reporter 806-356-5759
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