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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       07/10 11:31

Moses Lake, WA    Fri July 10, 2020    USDA Market News 

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

NOTICE:  As Market News transitions reports to the MARS platform and My Market 
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Tons:  11,200    Last Week:  14,740    Last Year:  10,490                       

     Compared last Friday, all grades Fair/Good Alfalfa 10.00-15.00 higher as 
exporters pursue low testing over mature supplies. Premium/Supreme non rained 
Alfalfa not tested this week. Premium Timothy steady in a light test. Trade 
active with good demand as export buyers sought out supplies. New Crop feeder 
hay is still very abundant. Feed store/retail steady. All prices are dollars 
ton and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated.  

                             Tons      Price     Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                                 
      Fair/Good              5700  180.00-200.00  186.49     Export            
      Fair                    300  170.00-170.00  170.00     Export            

    Small Square                                                               
      Premium                 100  220.00-235.00  227.50     Retail/Stable     

  Timothy Grass                                                                
    Mid Square                                                                 
      Premium                 500  290.00-290.00  290.00     Export            
      Fair/Good               500  265.00-265.00  265.00     Export            
      Utility/Fair            700  240.00-240.00  240.00     Rain Damage        
      Utility                2000  200.00-236.00  218.00     Export            

  Timothy Grass                                                                
    Small Square                                                               
      Good                    400  270.00-270.00  270.00     Export            
      Fair                   1000  220.00-230.00  225.00     Export         

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value.                         
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%              
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22                
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22               
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20               
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18               
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16                
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the         
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343
1028p    gds                                                                    
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