USDA Washington & Oregon Hay 07/10 11:31
Moses Lake, WA Fri July 10, 2020 USDA Market News
Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report
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Tons: 11,200 Last Week: 14,740 Last Year: 10,490
Compared last Friday, all grades Fair/Good Alfalfa 10.00-15.00 higher as
exporters pursue low testing over mature supplies. Premium/Supreme non rained
Alfalfa not tested this week. Premium Timothy steady in a light test. Trade
active with good demand as export buyers sought out supplies. New Crop feeder
hay is still very abundant. Feed store/retail steady. All prices are dollars
ton and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated.
Tons Price Wt. Avg Comments
Fair/Good 5700 180.00-200.00 186.49 Export
Fair 300 170.00-170.00 170.00 Export
Premium 100 220.00-235.00 227.50 Retail/Stable
Premium 500 290.00-290.00 290.00 Export
Fair/Good 500 265.00-265.00 265.00 Export
Utility/Fair 700 240.00-240.00 240.00 Rain Damage
Utility 2000 200.00-236.00 218.00 Export
Good 400 270.00-270.00 270.00 Export
Fair 1000 220.00-230.00 225.00 Export
Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value.
ADF NDF RFV TDN-100% TDN-90% CP-100%
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. TDN calculated using the
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
Value. Values based on 100 pct. dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV =
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients.
Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.
Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
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